The examples here follow the Open University House Guide Style which uses a version of the Harvard system of citing references, which you might come across in your course materials. In the Harvard system, references in the text are referred to by the author's name and year of publication and in the list of references once in alphabetical order.
The English department requires that you reference your essays in accordance with either the Chicago Manual of Style or the MLA Style guide. The university produces handy guides to these referencing systems, which you should consult: Chicago style (PDF, 111kb) MLA style (PDF, 105kb).
Turabian et al (1996) categorically assert that reports or essays which do not Harvard reference appropriately are destined not to attain high grade classifications. This is chiefly because in the modern world of academia, the assignment criteria will specifically mark how well a student has referenced their work (Turabian et al, 1996).
The University referencing policy (PDF) sets out the referencing requirements that all taught students and tutors are expected to follow. Each school in the University requires students to use a specific style of referencing. Check the referencing style used in your school before you begin.
How do I reference quotes and ideas? If you are using someone else's words, the words must be indented or in quotation marks. These actions show that you are not claiming the work is your own. You must also provide a reference to show where the words came from, to help the reader find the source. See Direct quotes for more information.
You may find Harvard Stirling University Examples (including guidance for RefWorks) especially helpful as this provides a list of document types e.g. Book chapters, Journal Articles, Blogs, Web Pages, TV programmes etc. with details of what information you need for the reference as well as and example of how to cite it in your text and enter it in your reference list (bibliography).
Mastering how to write an essay early on will help you prepare for writing your dissertation in your final year. We've asked two academic experts for their recommendations on how to plan and write a first-class essay. Adopt a strategy. Planning your essay makes the writing process quicker and easier.
Essays. An essay is a piece of academic writing which makes an evidenced argument in response to a question or series of questions.. However, you will also be expected to follow academic conventions on how to reference existing research from books and journals as well as other appropriate sources. You will need to engage critically with what.
Reference Your Essay Referencing is a system that allows you to acknowledge the contributions and work of others in your writing by citing your sources. A feature of academic writing is that it contains references to the words, information and ideas of others.
Free guide to harvard referencing style from Essay UK. Harvard referencing. The HARVARD system cites the author's surname and year of publication in the text, e.g. (Bond, 2004), and provides a reference list (of these citations), in alphabetical order by author, at the end of the assignment.
Reference for Jessica Muir. I have known Jessica from 2007-2011 in my capacity as senior lecturer in the Sociology department at the University of Strathclyde. Jessica attended classes which I taught from first year up until her final year which ended in June.
Find the referencing style for your school, guidance on how to reference, and how to use bibliographic software (RefWorks and EndNote) to store and manage your references.
A good essay writer is a qualified professional with the necessary hard and soft skills. A one-on-one meeting allows us to find flexible and outgoing authors with great time-management qualities and a genuine passion for writing. 40% of applicants get to the next round.
The reference list Citing and referencing requires precision and a keen eye for detail. The lecturer identified referencing as a significant issue in the essay.
Lancaster University Home Page Lancaster University. For students For staff A-Z index.. Reference; Referencing. Guidance on referencing styles used at Lancaster University and tools to help you manage your citations and create bibliographies.
This procedure is called citing or quoting references. Citing materials that you have referred to correctly will enable you to avoid plagiarism. The majority of courses at BU require you to use the Harvard method of referencing. Law students and Psychology students should follow the separate systems outlined below: How to cite references: BU.
All further references to this text are from this edition and are given parenthetically in the essay. In-text, following mentions, primary text: (in body of text) (Dickinson, p.174) or (p.174) In-text, first mention, secondary text: (in footnote) Brian Vickers, Francis Bacon and Renaissance Prose (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968) p. 49.
References may be given either in the main text of your essay, or in a footnote or endnote. References are in brackets and take the form of the author's surname, followed by date of publication, followed (if appropriate) by page number(s), e.g. (Wiggins 1997, 251).
Tutors do not expect a stage 1 undergraduate to produce an essay that resembles a research paper However, all students are required to accurately cite all sources used in the text and also to give full bibliographic references in the bibliography or reference list.